Branding & Attention: Busy Brains in a Busy World

branding, Kristen Lamb, Branding and Attention, neuroscience and branding

Branding, at least for authors, is a relatively new concept. Selling books was SO much ‘easier’ before the digital age, when life ran at a comparable snail-hooked-on-Valium pace. Or it at least seems that way.

If you need to remove those rose-tinted nostalgia glasses, I do recommend reading my post The Ugly Truth of Publishing & How BEST to Support Writers.

Back to reality.

Now, in 2021, when people are busier and more distracted than ever before in history, branding is harder than ever before. The competition is staggering. Additionally, we have about a nanosecond to capture attention then not much longer than that to keep it.

Turning an impression into a sale? Then into a loyal fan? Even taller order. What color would you like that unicorn?

I know it feels that way, but I am here to make it simple and DOABLE.

Today, the words ‘brand’ and ‘branding’ seem to be tossed around daily. Everyone and everything is or has or needs a brand. What’s funny is that branding might seem relatively new, yet has been around since…people.

Granted how important a brand is, the need for one as an author, etc. is a fairly recent development as I mentioned a moment ago. Yes, we need to craft excellent books (product) but we also must begin building our author brand EARLY.

***As in the first day we believe we might one day want to sell a book.

Ah, but calm down. There’s a lot of confusion regarding what a brand actually is. Many assume ads, marketing, and promotional campaigns are ‘branding.’


We can build a brand, but alas we cannot buy one. There are no shortcuts. Ads, promotion, marketing can help expand an existing brand, but cannot be substituted for one.

This approach is akin to believing a Japanese robot-wife is the same as a real human wife. In some areas of life, shortcuts end up a) a waste of time b) a bigger waste of money c) a remake of Blade Runner.

Branding Basics

branding, author branding, branding basics, Kristen Lamb

As I mentioned in my last post, The Psychology of Selling, I wrote my book Rise of the Machines—Human Authors in a Digital World to be evergreen information. In my POV, social media changes daily, but humans never change.

Just read Shakespeare or look at your ex’s Instagram *rolls eyes*.

That’s why my social media/branding guide focuses a lot more on the science behind what creates what we recognize as a brand. 

More specifically, what captures our attention? What turns us off? What renders a brand invisible (thus a non-brand)? Which habits/behaviors can ruin a powerhouse brand that once seemed bulletproof?

How can one brand launch into the stratosphere with little to no budget when another fails miserably no matter how many millions of dollars are poured into ad campaigns and celebrity endorsements?

Obviously, my book delves into far more detail about the science behind branding. But a little common sense goes a long way, and helps us work smarter not harder.

Thus, today we’ll simply touch on why our everyday on-line behaviors collect into a larger pool we call ‘author brand.’


Branding is NOT New

The thing is, humans have always had a ‘personal brand.’ Branding, in its simplest form, is what descriptors we attach to another person. Simply put, it is that person’s (that product’s or that company’s) story.

Think differently.

Just do it.

You’re in good hands.

‘Branding’ an innate habit we use to organize and transition the fuzzy and inchoate into the dramatic, emotional, and memorable.

Branding is simply an extension of story.

That guy/that gal is too amorphous for us to remember. It also doesn’t provide enough detail for us to know how we should respond.

But, ‘That guy who’s been married four times, loves hunting, and collects sports cars’ provides a narrative (a story) that will either resonate or repel depending on the audience.

Humans dig labels, now more than ever before. It’s how we make our increasingly larger world somewhat manageable.

Thus, people we ‘know’ are frequently tethered to a variety of descriptors—vegan, sports enthusiast, triathlete, cat lady, Cowboys fan, craftsy person, the comedian, etc.

There’s the perfect, put-together Pinterest moms and then there’s me….

This, in a nutshell, is ‘branding.’ Humans have been doing this ‘branding’ thing since the dawn of time. The only difference in a ‘personal brand’ and an ‘author brand’ is that the ‘author brand’ should eventually drive book sales.

Also, branding is now more vital than ever before because of the sheer volume of information, people, choices, etc.

This is why author brands are essential, since a brand is basically a beacon drawing people (readers) to something they find familiar and that they already know they like.

Here is where science comes in handy.

The Neurological Shortcut

Our brains are remarkable organs that have the ability to adapt to our environment. Before the invention of the written word, our memory centers were far larger because we had to pass down information orally.

In fact, if you took an fMRI reading of a tribesman from some isolated Amazonian tribe, his brain would look and act very differently from yours or mine.

With the advent of the written word, our memory centers shrank but we gained even larger areas for abstract thinking. This was around the time we start seeing major explosions in science and engineering.


Now we’re in the Digital Age, and we’re bombarded with stimuli. Internet, television, radio, smart phones, podcasts, pop-ups, etc. etc.

We’ve traded our stellar memory centers and our ability to focus for long periods of time for the unprecedented ability to sift through and ‘judge’ vast numbers of data points almost instantly.

Our brains must process, then sort, save and discard massive amounts of information faster than ever before.

Think about it. We see ads on Facebook all the time. Or do we? Our brains have literally learned to un-see. We cannot manage all the input.

So, if we (authors) are eventually going to advertise our books, how do we make our content visible? 

Branding with Intention

branding, brands, author brands, author branding, Kristen Lamb

Since our brain is much like a computer processor, it must come up with ways to effectively manage all this input in order to maintain efficiency. To do this, it relies on what are called somatic markers.

Somatic markers are neurological shortcuts and are one of the most primitive functions of the brain because they are uniquely tied to survival and procreation. It’s the same shortcut that tells us the stove is hot.

We don’t need to sit and ponder the stove. We likely learned when we were very small not to touch.

To give you an idea of how somatic markers work, let’s do a little exercise. Is there a perfume or cologne you can smell and it instantly transports you back in time?

Maybe to that first love or even *cringes* that first heartbreak? A song that makes you cry?

Perhaps there is a food you once ate that made you sick and even though there is no logical reason you shouldn’t eat it now, the mere thought of eating it makes you queasy.

These are somatic markers. When it comes to branding, somatic markers are vital.

The Pepsi Challenge

brand, branding, social media, branding for authors, author brands, Kristen Lamb

If you are around my age or older you can remember The Pepsi Challenge. For years, Pepsi had been trying to gain an edge over Coca Cola, which had dominated the soft drink industry for generations.

Pepsi—figuring it had nothing to lose—came up with the idea of setting up a table in stores and shopping malls and encouraging people to take a blind taste test.

The results were astonishing…to Pepsi more than anyone.

In a blind taste test, people preferred the taste of Pepsi. Coca Cola was rattled by this news.

They performed the same test and it turned out, people preferred the taste of Pepsi…and this led to brilliant ideas like ‘New Coke’ which was one of the most epic brand failures in business history.

Why did New Coke fail?

Coca Cola reformulated to make the drink sweeter. In blind taste tests, New Coke was a clear winner. So then why did it tank so badly?

Somatic markers.

What Happened? New Coke, ‘Old’ Brains

branding, brands, author branding, Kristen Lamb

Years later, neuroscientists decided to see if they could demystify what happened in The Pepsi Challenge. 

They conducted the exact same experiment, only this time they hooked participants up to an fMRI machine so they could witness what areas of the brain lit up.

They held the taste test the same way it was conducted in the 70s—a blind taste test. To their amazement, participants preferred the taste of Pepsi in almost the exact same numbers.

According to the fMRI, the ventral putamen, the area of the brain that tells us something tastes yummy, lit up like Vegas.

*Some have speculated that when it is only a sip, people will prefer the sweeter drink.*

The ‘Human Factor’ in the Brand Equation

brands, branding, author branding, Kristen Lamb

The scientists then decided to try something a bit different. They did the test again, only this time they told the participants what they were drinking. This time, Coca Cola won BIG.

Ah, but something strange happened in the brain. 

Not only did the ventral putamen light up, but so did the prefrontal cortex, the area of the brain associated with emotion and memory.

See, when it was based on taste alone, Pepsi won. But, when the brands were compared, Coca Cola won. The human brain was in a wrestling match between two very different regions—taste and emotions.

Coca Cola had the advantage because of the vast reservoir of fond memories associated with the brand. In short, Coca Cola had a STORY for sale.

Norman Rockwell Americana, cute polar bears, I’d Like to Buy the World a Coke, every BBQ, summer vacation, rollerskating parties, Friday nights with pizza and on and on all were part of the Coca Cola arsenal.

The fond memories (positive somatic markers) associated with the brand very literally changed the taste and gave Coca Cola the winning edge.

Somatic Marker Meets Baader-Meinhof Phenomenon

branding, brand, author brands, author branding., Kristen Lamb

Ever run into a term you KNOW you’ve never heard in your life, then hear it at least four more times in the next week? Or see something you know you’ve never seen before, then suddenly it’s everywhere? Reverse-harems? Punk-Rockabilly-Zydeco? Kombucha?

I’d never heard of Bikram Yoga until a friend told me about it and then…it was everywhere. Following me with sweaty mats…and Kombucha O_O .

The Baader-Meinhof phenomenon is also known as the frequency illusion or the recency illusion. 

At first glance, one might think this is why it’s a great idea to automate everywhere! Churn out lots of ads! Exposure! The more people see me, my name, my face, my book, the BETTER!

Follow them to the BATHROOM!

Not so quickly.

The Baader-Meinhof phenomenon seems to kick in strongest when there’s some kind of an emotional response tethered to the ‘thing.’ 

Interestingly, the stronger the emotional response (positive or negative), the more likely we will see that car, food, book, name, that we suddenly believe is now everywhere, surrounding us.

Ah, but when it comes to OUR brand, what emotional response are we creating? Are people seeing our name because of some good encounter?

Or do they see it and silently rage because we keep crapping up their feeds with automation? Are we all take and no give?

Ads That Pop-Up vs. Ads That POP

We see ads all over. More than ever before in human history, which is why our brains are getting so clever with shortcuts. Most ads we literally do not see.

I could take any random person and have them click through twenty pages of BuzzFeed memes and they’ll remember the memes (emotional), but are unlikely to remember most of the ads plastered all along the sides.

Though most ads will be invisible, some are not. Some might even leap off the page. Why?

What makes us ‘see’ that advertisement?

When we have a highly positive or vastly negative experience, we’re far more likely to notice the ad.

If we see an ad for a book, we may or may not notice. But what about an ad for a book written by someone we know?

Someone perhaps we talked to and liked? The ad practically leaps from the page. We might even buy it because we SAW her ad and OMG! I know her!

Ads alone have very little power to compel a purchase. But, couple them with a brand (story/narrative/emotional experience), and the odds of a sale greatly improve.

This is why ads and promotion alone do very little to impact sales. Until there is a narrative (emotion) attached to the name?

It’s crazy expensive white noise.

Ah, but what’s worse than a non-brand? A poisoned brand. If our brand is the story connected to our names (and by association our books), there can be nothing worse than the toxic brand.

The Biggest Loser Brand Fail

I’m just spreading awareness…

The biggest brand fail I witness is how much authors underestimate the power of social media behavior and its consequential impact on their author brand.

Social media is a massive part of our everyday lives. Everywhere we go, we see people fixated on smart phones, posting pics, messaging friends. Humans are wired to be social, so if you want to know where all the readers are? They are on-line.

***Whether this is good or bad is for another post entirely.

This said, we must appreciate that this isn’t 2008, the age before smart phones, a time when only early adopters lurked on Twitter and MySpace.

Back before roughly 2015, the largest and strongest part of the author brand happened to be the books (because a book is roughly 15 hours of interaction with the author’s ‘voice’).

But now? When people are constantly checking in with their favorite social site(s)? How we ACT and treat other people is the biggest part of the brand. It doesn’t matter how well we write, how awesome our books are, or how cheap we make our product.

If we poison our brand with too many negative somatic markers, we can devastate our brand, regardless how well we write, and the reason is this:

The most powerful somatic marker of ALL is the negative one (namely because it’s intrinsically woven into our very survival).

This is why that tuna salad that gave you food poisoning fifteen years ago still makes your stomach heave just thinking about it. Your body is warning you that this food might kill you (even though logically, you know this tuna salad is fresh).

The primordial brain doesn’t care about logic. Lizard-brain is ALL emotions and experiences and these experiences have a MASSIVE impact on our brand.

There are authors I used to preorder their books. Now? I wouldn’t accept a book of theirs even if it were free.

Why? Because they forgot that people are watching, that flesh and blood humans are on the other side of that screen.

Their ranting, raving, complaining, spamming, name-calling, and trolling comments eventually added up so many negative experiences that there was pretty much no way to counter the effect.

Branding is no longer just about the books.

Books are vital, but what elements are we adding to our story (our brand) when we’re online? When people see our content do they smile, laugh, feel good, want to share the fun? Or do they feel bullied, depressed, overwhelmed, targeted, or defensive?

Colin Shaw’s blog ’15 Statistics that Should Change the Business World but Haven’t’ collected some interesting stats that I’d like to share:

It takes 12 positive experiences to make up for one unresolved negative experience. – ‘Understanding Customers’ by Ruby Newell-Legner.

A dissatisfied customer will tell between 9-15 people about their experience. Around 13% of dissatisfied customers tell more than 20 people. – White House Office of Consumer Affairs.

70% of buying experiences are based on how the customer feels they are being treated. – McKinsey.

When we’re on social media…

Everything Matters in Branding

Every post, comment, retweet adds to the story that is our author brand.

People might not remember exactly what we say, but they’ll always remember how we made them feel. In an age where audiences are flooded with too many choices, they’ll default to who they know, who they like, and who consistently makes them FEEL the best (loads of positive somatic markers).

Does this mean we can’t express opinions, that we need to be a cute kitten meme factory and Pod Person? Not at all. My advice is we’re wise to promote what we love instead of bashing what we hate.

For instance, if I’m a vegan and post ’12 Reasons Vegans are Sexier’ on Facebook, then fellow vegans will experience a positive somatic marker.

Those followers who aren’t vegans likely won’t react at all (a neutral somatic marker) because I’ve not placed them in the crosshairs of an attack. In fact, the non-vegan followers might even SHARE my post with vegan friends and family. And if not?

No big deal because we’re all still friends who can agree that we can be friends without being clones.

Oh, and we actually can disagree or inject a different opinion without being mean. Again, simply remember there are actual people on the other end.

Keeping the ‘Social’ in Social Media

Now that y’all have had a Neuroscience 101 crash course—and I guarantee you will see Baader-Meinhof OR Kombucha at least three times in the next week—let’s get down to what’s most essential.

Branding is all story.

It’s a collection of emotional experiences that tie our name to some set of descriptors (hopefully positive ones). This is why automation can’t substitute for hopping on-line and talking to people. It’s why the Golden Rule still rules and why YES, goofing off on Facebook and posting kitten videos counts as branding.

Eventually, with love, care and nurturing, followers can become friends and even FANS.

So have fun. Relax. Show up. Be present and engage authentically. Go write great books and enjoy the people you meet along the way.

I love hearing from you, and I am NOT above BRIBERY!

What are your thoughts on ‘branding’? Does it seem more doable now? The brands I teach y’all how to build are fun and simple and require minimal upkeep because you have brilliant books to write!

If you want a step-by-step on how to create a brand as unique as you that will specifically attract YOUR equally unique audience and then cultivate them into an amazing and supportive network of fans? Seriously, save time and money and just grab a copy of Rise of the Machines.

So again, any thoughts, questions, opinions? I do love hearing from you.

What do you WIN? For the month of JANUARY, for everyone who leaves a comment, I will put your name in a hat. If you comment and link back to my blog on your blog, you get your name in the hat twice.

What do you win?

The unvarnished truth from yours truly. I will pick a winner once a month and it will be a critique of the first 20 pages of your novel, or your query letter, or your synopsis (5 pages or less).

DECEMBER’S WINNER Rae Longest. Please email your 5,000 word Word doc, Times New Roman, double-spaced, 12 point font to kristen at wana intl dot com. Put CONTEST WINNER in all caps in heading so I see you and CONGRATULATIONS!


***Remember, ALL classes come with a FREE recording of class

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If, however, you choose to buy individually…

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***More craft classes coming next post. Apologies, but have has a cold for several days so running behind.


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  1. This post is a good reminder to me, a good review of what you said in Rise of the Machines. I might need to go back and re-read the book!

    1. Branding really doesn’t change. If you understand PEOPLE, you’re already 90% of the way there.

    • Taya on January 21, 2022 at 7:54 pm
    • Reply

    This is great, but it’s definitely aimed at the three plus books in the hatch kind of author. Got any books like Remedial Help for Finding Readers?

    1. Most definitely. Apologies for hawing my book, but a few dollars can save a ton of trouble and wasted money. Most authors don’t know how to first identify their potential audience and then create content perfect for attracting them. I need you speaking to your potential audience (code for ‘readers’) and not other writers. We authors tend to unintentionally do a lot of activities that is largely a lot of marketing to other authors and we already have too many books and are a relatively small population. So yes, in Rise of the Machines I show you how to find and cultivate a following of future readers.

  2. I’ll be honest that I’m doing this author thing backwards – I started with getting a book out, thinking to just check something off a bucket list… then realized, when strangers started buying my book, that I might be on to something I should probably give a shot. (Not a lot of sales, but I was still floored.) But I’m a new author no one’s heard of before, and flashbacks from marketing classes in uni told me that I needed to work on my brand, aside from writing more.

    So I got a domain. A proper email address. Started getting my social media in order. Started curating what I said in social media… yeah, it’s a lot of work. But I 100% agree it’s important! ?

    1. And really you are fine, since digital shelf space is forever and once you get going then readers can discover new works and old. My book gives a nice step-by-step. You don’t have to be tech savvy and it definitely works. I teach you not only how to build the brand without changing your personality, but I make it doable and FUN. If it isn’t FUN we won’t do it. Your brand will grow and evolve as you grow and evolve and with minimal upkeep. Most writers already hav full time jobs and a family then the writing. The last thing we need is another full time job in marketing.

      1. I definitely agree with the fun part! And with everything you said, really. Thanks for your help and for sharing your expertise on this topic, Kristen. I’ll go check out your book and learn ?

    • Roger L Nay on January 21, 2022 at 10:18 pm
    • Reply

    Great blog, as usual. I found interesting the section on positive interactions needed to make up for an unresolved negative experience. I avoid getting drawn into political debates on Facebook and other social media. In 2020, some people running blogs or websites drove away several users and subscribers with overbearing views on the general election. One even referred to people not agreeing with his party affiliation and candidate endorsement as mentally ill. I wonder if he can fit in twelve positive interactions before November.

  3. Seems to me that Pepsi completely failed to properly leverage their frigate, cruiser, destroyer, and seventeen submarines. They could have been remembered as the coolest funnest Pepsi-swilling seven-seas-sailing navy out there, but nooooo, they had to go and sell the vessels for scrap. Chumps.

  4. Again, brilliant. Going to pick up a copy of your book. (Love your writing style.) … and sorry about the cold, hope you’re feeling better soon … and > followed link to the Mystery, Suspense, Thriller Craft class but on that page, at the bottom, it says “Sorry, but registration for this event has closed…” (??) Again — thanks for all you share.

    1. Oh dang. Let me fix that. Too many cold meds.

    2. The date expired while I was ill. It is available now. Thanks for letting me know and hope you will enjoy it.

  5. It’s common sense, really. And it amazes me how many entertainers have taken a bite from the apple. I started paying real close attention to my own impressions of entertainers in the wake of their comments to the world, and I noticed it makes a huge difference. My relationship to several authors and especially actors has changed, sometimes dramatically, based on excruciatingly small and isolated incidents. I use the word relationship deliberately here because that’s what we’re really talking about. No, I’m not BFF with Nora Roberts, but as a fan, I DO have a relationship with her. One she is not aware of. But I am. I also have a relationship with Hermon Wouk, based entirely on my reading of The Caine Mutiny. Even though he’s dead. There’s a lesson in there somewhere.

    I have ZERO social media presence specifically because of the concepts you discuss here. Not only because of what I might say, but also because of the fallout of association. I noticed that an author can say something perfectly reasonable in a post or tweet, but then somebody will come along with a toxic response. I found myself associating the author with that toxic response, even though it wasn’t theirs. I kind of felt ashamed of that, but I paid attention to it. Just being touched by toxicity harms the brand.

    The only place you will find me is on my blog site. That’s it. And it is 99% flash fiction and short stories. It’s not a strong brand, I know. But I’ve seen real damage done to many big names by simply engaging with the public. Whatever opinions we have are best left to the themes of our stories. And that’s another thing I discovered. Somebody can say something that really makes my blood boil, but if they do it in a well-told story, I’m more apt to say, “Well, they have a point. That’s kind of interesting.” Because they took the time to entertain me while they’re giving me their opinion. Huge difference in brand impression. (Note – you gotta’ tell me a good story. Propaganda and story-telling are two different things.)

    Even here, responding to one of my favorite thought leaders, I’m cognizant of what I’m saying and how it might affect a fan or a potential fan. I have a small audience at this very moment. What are they going to think of me after they read this and move on to the next comment? If they don’t remember me, that’s way better than being that guy who said something that made them feel icky.

    But your main point here, one that I hadn’t really thought of and seems so obvious and makes so much sense once you realize it – well, thank you for that. And it is: Speak with love, not hate. Yeah. I like that. Good stuff. Best branding advice ever.

  6. I met an author some years ago at a signing table. I asked when they were going to finish one of their series. Their response was so off-putting, I haven’t read another one of their books. And if they ever finish that series, I highly doubt I’ll read it.

    I’ve shared that interaction with a number of authors working toward publication — and I’ve never shared the name of the author or series, because of exactly what you were saying in this blog post. Interestingly enough, another author who was a pleasant person to wait in line for an autograph from, didn’t keep that “positive somatic marker” when the quality of their writing dropped — and I no longer wait for their next book. 🙁

  1. […] Branding & Attention: Busy Brains in a Busy World […]

  2. […] time, however then they not often write? They may end the e-book however have performed NOTHING to construct a model—which is when our title alone has the ability to promote […]

  3. […] full time, but then they rarely write? They might finish the book but have done NOTHING to build a brand—which is when our name alone has the power to sell […]

  4. […] Branding & Attention: Busy Brains in a Busy World […]

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